In this lesson we will give a name to all the various guitar parts and learn a bit more about them.
The main feature of an acoustic guitar is the Body (1). Depending on its dimensions and type of wood you can get many different timbres on different models, from the big Jumbos to the very thin electrified ones.
The Bridge(2) is glued to the soundboard (the top of the body), the strings pass on the saddle (3) and are secured with pegs that go through the bridge.
The sound comes out of the Soundhole (5) and the piece of flat plastic below it is the Pickguard (4): it prevents you from scratching the sounboard with your pick.
The Neck (6) is glued to the body and on its top side (the Fretboard) we can find 20-some little metal Frets (7): when you press a string on a fret with your finger you actually shorten its length altering the pitch (you get a higher note).
The end part of the neck is called Headstock (8) and here you will find the Machine Heads (9) to tune your guitar and the Tuning Pegs (10) on which the srings are wound.
Now let's take a look at an electric guitar parts...
Most Electric Guitars have solid Bodies (1) but many, like 'Jazz' guitars, may have hollow bodies with F-shaped soundholes.
The Bridge can be fixed or a Tremolo (2) which you can use for subtle or bombastic pitch effects using its Arm (4). On this bridge the strings are locked by Nuts (3) to prevent tuning problems.
Every Electric Guitar has at least one Pick Up (5) and you can switch between them using the Selector (8). You can also alter the sound using the Volume (7) and Tone (6) Knobs.
The Frets (11) on the Fingerboard may reach the number of 24 and the Neck (10) can be glued, bolted or go through the body. Many models use a Locking (12) system to keep the strings in tune.
On the Headstock (13) you will find the Machine Heads (14) and Tuning Pegs (15).
Now that we know all the guitar parts let's try to tune it.